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Glossary

 

Simple explanations of some common terms & phrases

 

 

Eco Terms

Paper Terms

Environmental Organisations, Accreditations & Standards

Biodegradable Archivability & DIN 6738 Blue Angel
Biodiversity ColorLok Technology EU Ecolabel (flower)
Biomass ECF (Elemental Chlorine Free) EMAS (Eco M)anagement Audit Scheme
Carbon emissions Formation Energy Star
Carbon footprint Moisture Ethical Tea Partnership
Carbon Neutral Opacity Fairtrade
Climate Change Optical Brightening Agents (OBA's) FSC (Forest Stewardship Council)
Fossil Fuel Porosity ISO 14001
Recycled Fibre Smoothness Nordic Swan
Recycled Paper Stiffness PEFC (Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification)
Sustainability & Sustainable Development Thickness Rainforest Alliance
  Totally Chlorine Free (TCF) WWF
  Virgin Fibre  
  Whiteness  

 


Archivability & DIN 6738


Over time, paper fibres begin to yellow and eventually disintegrate. Business papers that are designed for long-term archiving are manufactured using pH-neutral pulp and appropriate additives to curtail this process.
DIN 6738 is an internationally recognised standard that guarantees the paper for permanence with a life expectancy of at least 100 years.


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Biodegradable


Anything that decomposes as the result of activity by bacteria and other living organisms.


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Biodiversity


The diversity of species and habitats that is fundamental for the Earth's life support systems.


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Biomass


Biomass is biological material derived from living, or recently living organisms like plants and trees. Biomass can be used to produce energy and it is a renewable fuel.


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Blue Angel


One of the oldest environmental accreditation systems based in Germany. The Blue Angel was initiated by the German government and awarded by an independent Jury to products that are environmentally friendlier than others serving the same use.


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Carbon Emissions


The release of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere from the burning of fossil fuels such as coal, natural gas or oil. Plants and trees absorb carbon dioxide but because there is more carbon being released than can be re-absorbed by plants and trees, there is too much carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. This is causing Climate Change.


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Carbon Footprint


A carbon footprint is a measure of the impact a product, service or activity has on the environment, and in particular climate change. It relates to the amount of greenhouse gases produced in making or delivering a product or service. The carbon footprint is a measurement of all greenhouse gases produced in a particular process and has units of tonnes (or kg) of carbon dioxide equivalent.


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Carbon Neutral


It is the point at which your greenhouse gas emissions have been assessed reduced where possible and the remaining emissions offset through renewable energy, energy efficiency or forestry projects. This means you have reduced the CO2 in the atmosphere by the same amount that your activities have added to it.


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Climate Change


Climate change is the greatest environmental challenge facing the world today. Rising global temperatures will bring changes in weather patterns, rising sea levels and increased frequency and intensity of extreme weather.


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 ColorLok Technology

 

A print and paper technology that enhances colours and print results.


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DIN 6738


An internationally recognised standard that guarantees the paper for permanence with a life expectancy of at least 100 years.

 

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ECF (Elemental Chlorine Free)


This refers to the bleaching process used in the production of the pulp, and indicates that no elemental chlorine has been used.


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EU Ecolabel (The EU Flower)

 

Products displaying the EU Ecolabel Flower symbol use less energy, consume fewer 

natural resources, have a lower impact on air quality & ultimately contribute to ozone layer protection. Ecolabel criteria are not based on one single factor but on studies which analyse the impact of the product or service on the environment throughout its life-cycle, starting from raw material extraction in the pre-production stage, through to production, distribution and disposal. For more information please visit ecolabel faq


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EMAS (Eco Management & Audit Scheme)


EMAS is an EU voluntary scheme which acknowledges organisations that improve their environmental performance on a continual basis.


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Energy Star

 

Energy Star is an international standard for energy efficient electrical & electronic products. An Energy Star enabled computer, printer, fax or photocopier will 

automatically switch itself into a power saving "sleep" mode after a certain amount of idle time. For more information please visit the Energy Star website here.


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Ethical Tea Partnership

The Ethical Tea Partnership works to monitor living & working conditions on tea estates with the aim of making sure that the tea is produced in a socially responsible way. For more information please visit the Ethical Tea Partnership website here.


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Fairtrade

 

Fairtrade is about better prices, decent working conditions, local sustainability, & fair terms of trade for farmers and workers in developing countries. For more information please visit the Fairtrade website here.


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FSC (Forest Stewardship Council)

 

 

The Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) is an international non-profit organisation that sets rules for forestry management and gives certification to forest operators that meet its standards. The FSC also provide an FSC Recycled certification to recycled papers that meet its standards. For more information please visit the FSC website here.


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Formation


This refers to the distribution of fibres throughout a sheet of paper which impacts on the quality of the printed output.


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Fossil Fuel


Non-renewable fuel embedded in the earth for thousands of years, such as petroleum, coal and natural gas.


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ISO 14001


An international environmental management standard which covers organisational procedures, procurement, product development, production and distribution.


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Moisture


The sheet must have the correct moisture content throughout, to prevent the paper from curling inside the machine, which can also result in jams and misfeeds.


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Nordic swan

 

Nordic Swan focuses on the environmental impact of the product throughout its lifecycle.


 

 

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Opacity


Opacity expresses the degree to which light shines through the paper. High opacity is essential when a paper is intended for duplex printing, or for intensive colour printing on one side of the sheet.


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Optical Brightening Agents (OBA's)


OBA's are dyes that absorb light in the ultraviolet and violet region and re-emit light in the blue region. These additives make the paper look whiter by increasing the overall amount of blue light reflected and are similar to those used in washing powders to enhance the appearance of fabrics.


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PEFC (Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification)

 

The PEFC Council (Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification schemes) is an international, non-profit organisation that gives certification to individual forest owners for sustainable forest management. For more information please visit the PEFC website here.


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Porosity


The paper must also have the correct porosity to ensure that the device's vacuum pick-up collects only one sheet at a time.


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The Rainforest Alliance

 

Companies, co-operatives & landowners that participate in Rainforest Alliance programs meet rigorous standards conserve biodiversity & ensure sustainable livelihoods. For more information please visit the Rainforest Alliance website here.


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Recycled Fibre


Recycled fibre comes from recovered office waste paper as opposed to virgin fibre which comes from trees. 100% recycled paper is made completely from recycled fibre.


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Recycled Paper


Recycled paper is made using fibre recovered from office waste paper. To be genuine waste paper it must have been diverted from landfill. The Recycled Fibre Plant mashes the waste paper up to break it down to individual fibres which are then de-inked, cleaned & used as regular pulp to make new paper. There should be a % to indicate how much of the total fibre content is recycled. For instance a 100% recycled paper is all recycled fibre & zero virgin fibre.


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Smoothness


Paper smoothness has an effect on toner adhesion and is very important for colour laser printers and copiers. Better smoothness is a sign of better quality. 


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Stiffness


The right stiffness is essential to facilitate good feeding and to cope with complicated paths through printing or copying devices.


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Sustainability & Sustainable Development....


....is to use natural resources responsibly and equitably, to meet the needs of everybody in the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.

 

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Thickness


Thickness determines the stiffness of paper, an important quality for the texture and feel of the paper as well as its smooth running on high speed copiers and printers.


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Totally Chlorine Free (TCF)


A pulp manufacturing process which is free from elemental chlorine and chlorine compounds.


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Virgin Fibre


Virgin fibre comes from trees as opposed to recycled fibre which comes from recovered office waste paper. FSC & PEFC are non-profit organisations that certify well managed forests and their products to ensure certain standards are upheld that support sustainability.


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Whiteness


Whiteness is an aesthetic quality that affects the look of the paper and its likely perception in the hands of the end user, as well as impacting on print quality and visual contrast.


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WWF (World Wide Fund for Nature)

 

 

The WWF (formerly called the World Wildlife Fund) is an international non-governmental organisation working on issues regarding the conservation, research & restoration of the environment.


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